Can you use CBD if you are Pregnant?
The process of pregnancy is a very important time for both the mother and child. As the baby grows, so does its bond and dependency on the mother. While this is a beautiful thing, it can oftentimes come with complications.
Nausea, pain and migraines are common physical symptoms of pregnancy, while psychological symptoms like depression and anxiety are unfortunately not rare.
These symptoms have caused many women to look into CBD oil as a natural supplement. CBD is a naturally occuring, non-psychoactive cannabinoid, which is extracted from hemp or cannabis. It acts as a natural supplement for our body’s Endocannabinoid System (ECS), which is responsible for regulating many of our body’s physiological responses and systems like: mood, appetite, sleep, and pain response.
Although there is limited research on the effects of CBD oil and pregnancy, it is known that a fetus is equipped with an endocannabinoid system even when it is only composed of two cells.
How do Cannabinoids Affect the Development of a Fetus?
Cannabinoids play a large role in pregnancy and fetal development so it is important to know its effects. Research on THC and embryo development has provided insight on the impact of cannabinoids on an embryo.
According to the MGH center for Women’s Mental Health, “At this point in time, the data, though limited, suggests that marijuana use during pregnancy is associated with elevated risk for miscarriages, birth defects, developmental delays, and learning disabilities.”
Anything a mother puts into their body during pregnancy can either nourish or harm a fetus. By smoking marijuana while pregnant, you’re harming your child because of THC, the psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis. THC can enter the fetal blood stream, where it is then stored in the fetal fat tissue. This can result in complications with cellular growth and neural development of the fetus.
What does this mean for CBD oil, which contains less than 0.3%THC?
It’s already difficult to find CBD oil research as a general supplement for your health let alone its effects on pregnant women. For years, scientists focused the majority of their efforts on the effects of THC and pregnancy. . Hopefully, with CBD’s growing popularity, more doors will open for research and we can better understand its effects.
One research study suggests that CBD reduces uterine contractions. The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of CBD on human contractions during pregnancy. Although the role of cannabinoids and pregnancy is hazy, the findings from this particular study reveal that CBD has a relaxant effect on contractions.
While there are very limited research on CBD and human pregnancy, studies on pregnant mice provide insight on the affects. In this study, pregnant mice were treated with 5/mg of CBD a day and examined. The results of the study suggest that high exposure to CBD during the early stages of pregnancy in mice, does not cause miscarriages or other complications.
Other research has suggested that the use of CBD during pregnancy can have potentially harmful effects on the placenta. This is because CBD may increase the permeability of the placenta, allowing foreign compounds to cross over the placental barrier and reach the fetus more easily.
So, is it safe to use CBD during pregnancy?
Unfortunately, there is not a definite answer to that question yet. There is not enough research to conclude the effects that CBD has on pregnancy and the developing fetus. We can only hope that with further acceptance of CBD and THC products, comes more l research on their effects.
If you are considering taking CBD while pregnant, make sure to consult with your doctor first and don’t take it if you are not 100 percent comfortable with it. We are optimistic that the future will bring more conclusive research on the effects of CBD and pregnancy and hopefully it can be used medicinally.